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Building a RESTful API from Scratch: 12 Recommendations

Introduction

You may believe that there are no norms or guidelines provided by the REST API for you to adhere to while creating the user experience for your neural style transfer application.

A consistent interface, protocol, client-server structure, cache capability, client-server design, or illegitimacy are frequent limitations of the RESTful system. REST is only a design technique, not a specification or platform, therefore this does not restrict the developers.

REST API: What is it?

Let’s start at first light. Here is an explanation of the Restful API for people who want to understand it more thoroughly:

“The acronym REST means for Representational State Transfer, and it refers to an API. It usually receives access through the HTTP routing protocol.

RESTful API Model

The Top 3 REST API Design And implementation Qualities

 

  1. Simple to Use and Easy to Visualize:

Working with a very good API won’t be difficult. Programmers who routinely work with it should swiftly commit its assets and other associated actions to storage. So that engineers and programmers feel at ease using it, the ideal API ought to be simple to read and develop.

 

  1. Difficult to abuse:

When producing erroneous code is less likely to happen, merging with an API with a decent design will be simple. It offers information extraction and does not impose strict rules on the API final consumer.

 

  1. Direct and succinct

Conciseness here relates to the fact that builders will be able to build whole apps in juxtaposition to your access data thanks to a robust API. Comprehensiveness typically develops over time, and the majority of API architects gradually add to the already established APIs. Thus, every company or developer who designs APIs should be committed to this ideal characteristic of the finest API development.

 

Six restrictions on the design of REST APIs

 

  1. A standard interface

The same idea is applied by REST to dissociate the user from developing the REST API. Compare the interface to a client-server agreement that requires the use of specific standards. The rationale behind this is that in order to make universal notions, like norms, comprehensible, internationally acceptable APIs should impose them.

 

  1. No State

Roy Fielding, who was inspired by HTTP, thinks about this restriction. This structural restriction aims to eliminate the state from all client-server interactions. By doing this, the host will have no doubt regarding the most recent HTTP request from the client. As a result, it will treat each request as fresh and different. Furthermore, it cannot rely on any data that the two parties have already shared. Additionally, this indicates that there was never a session and no record.

 

  1. Client-server

Here, we imply that the software application and the database server should develop independently of one another. It should adhere to the division of interests, to be more specific. Because of the segregation of responsibilities, client-side code can be transformed at any time without affecting server circumstances. Furthermore, changes to the server-side code can be made without affecting the customer’s circumstances.

 

  1. A framework of layers

Factors usually can’t see past their current layer. You can use a system with stack thanks to REST. On server A, you can implement the APIs, on client B, data can be saved, and on service C, queries can be verified.These machines could provide a pile layer, a cache layer, a protection to consumers, and various other features. Furthermore, none of these levels may have an impact on the queries or replies.

 

  1. Cached

Nowadays, caching is essential wherever it applies. The benefits of caching include faster client efficiency and higher server flexibility under fewer loads.

 

  1. Code on stream (optional)

Usually, this restriction is optional. You will typically be needed to deliver a static version of the assets in XML or JSON form over a REST API. However, you can quickly return source codes whenever required to help a crucial aspect of your program.

 

Checklist for REST API

 

The REST API Best Standards that we have assembled and used in our enterprise software are listed below. See whether they can assist you as well by checking them out.

 

  1. In URIs, use nouns rather than verbs

Resources, which can be applications, objects, etc., require the development of REST APIs. Therefore, they must always be composed of nouns rather than verbs. This indicates that in REST destination paths, actions must not be used. Instead, we need to use nouns to denote specific entities.

Why? Considering that the HTTP response method we employ already contains a verb. Verbs are useless because they don’t fetch any new data and have no effect on the REST API target path. The verbs chosen may differ from a company’s idea. For instance, some people prefer “get,” whereas others prefer “fetch.” It is therefore preferable to let the HTTP GET keyword to describe what a port does.

 

  1. Follow nomenclature norms for the plural

Typically, we favor the use of plurals. However, be aware that there is no rule against the usage of a plurality in the equipment.

Here is why we use plurals:

Out of the set of funds, we are focusing on one. Therefore, we employ plural namespaces to demonstrate gathering.

 

  1. Hypermedia as a software state generator (HATEOAS)

Several additional network implementations of the new idea from the Restful web services differ from this limitation. Easy browsing via specific resources and associated actionable options are provided by the Interactive multimedia As a Transfer Processor Of the Application. As a result, a user does not necessarily understand how to interact with a program for various activities because all of the information is included in the server’s metadata includes.

 

  1. Swagger

Swagger is a well-liked and frequently used tool for REST API documentation. It provides a method to examine how a specific API is used, enabling programmers to understand the basic Semantic behavior. More specifically, it’s an empirical method of adding descriptions using comments, which ultimately results in a JSON that specifies APIs and how to use them.

 

  1. Only employ JSON

Using different output forms including JSON, RSS, XML, Excel, and Web pages is possible with REST. However, this solely depends on the material you have and the purpose for which you need your API. JSON data standard must be used if you have a resource that is intended for the general public and wants to make it accessible through a REST API design. JSON has been the most popular data style for communication between the cargo and answer in over 99% of situations.

 

  1. Enable pagination, classifying, and sifting

Sorting, categorizing, and panning are a few essential elements for API consumption. Resource collections can frequently be enormous. The datasets that support REST API protocols can grow very large. It eventually lowers the efficiency of our technologies. We can use the following to get rid of these

 

  • Filtering: To reduce the search queries based on specific criteria. such as the nation or the date of establishment.

 

  • Sorting: This allows you to arrange the outcomes according to a chosen criteria in either escalating or declining order (s). Consider sorting by date.

 

  • Paging: It employs the terms “confine” and “alignment” to specify the portion of the search scope to be exhibited and to restrict the number of results that are displayed to a specific number.

 

  1. Performance improvement using caching

Instead of repeatedly logging into the database for information to fetch any information sought by the clients, you may use buffering to reinstate information from the sensor cache line. Users may get data even faster because of caching, which is a fantastic benefit. The information users obtain, however, may frequently be out-of-date. This might ultimately pose serious issues while troubleshooting supply and demand because anything could go awry because users are still using outdated data.

 

  1. Controlling Errors

Defects must be dealt with graciously, delivering the HTTP response characteristics that indicate the type of the mistakes made, to prevent ambiguity for all API users. The API implementers now have all the data they need to investigate the root of the issue. You can choose not to use it if you don’t want your network to suffer. As a result, the API client must deal with problems.

 

  1. Versioning

Never forget to update your API. Updating makes it possible to repeat more quickly, eliminating requests that aren’t appropriate for reaching updated destinations. Additionally, since you can continue to provide older API variants for a considerable amount of time, it helps to smooth out any difficult API version changes.

An API should never be reliable. It is a factor as a result. Even while change is inevitable, it’s crucial to consider how to manage it. Amortization schedules that are properly documented and publicly published each month represent an ideal practice for many APIs.

 

  1. Commodity order

If an asset has a comment thread, make sure that this is specified in the API so that it is straightforward and precise. For illustration, the API can be translated as getting/users/123/posts/1 if we want to get or salvage one of the user’s articles. This will bring up the post with the ID one that was individually tailored with the ID 123.

 

  1. Impotence

HTTP techniques that deliver precise resource depiction are some safe techniques. Safe protocols include GET, TRACE, OPTIONS, & HEAD. Safe means that they should preferably be able to obtain data without modifying the status of a hosted asset.

Additionally, avoid using GET to remove stuff, such as GET /users/123/delete.

 

  1. API Documentation

It’s crucial to disclose your API. These not only empower individuals but also developers. Engineers can see what they are working with while implementing an API when the information is published. Additionally, publishing makes it possible for potential consumers to investigate the funds allocated through your API.

Inference

There is no one method of designing APIs that will be effective for all businesses. The preceding guidance and reviews are just that: pointers that you can utilize or ignore based on your usage scenario and necessity. The ability of the end user to access your API has been one of the chief factors why API development is important. Their requirements ought to serve as the inspiration for creating a fantastic API.

 

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API Development- The Complete Guide to Creating Stable APIs

 

Application Programming Interface, or API, is a shorthand for that. If you’ve ever ventured into web apps, you’ve probably heard the phrase. It is a crucial component in creating mobile apps and is in charge of how they work.

Engineers can communicate with executing code or resources through an API. You will communicate with executing code, each having its own API unless you write all of your software from scratch. A well-designed software, however, has intrinsic APIs to organize the software’s code and render the sections interchangeable, even if you only create an individual line of code.

The procedure can be sped up, among other advantages, of API development for software design. In this article, we’ll examine APIs, including what they are, how to establish them, and why they are important and observable.

API development definition

The idea of constructing an API serves as the foundation for any apps engaging with information or requiring interactions between different goods or services. A collection of guidelines or standards known as an API allows applications to use the capabilities of another program.

For instance, when you choose “Join with Fb,” Candy Crush gets your Media user credentials immediately. It can approach the Social server using the Automation process, saving you the trouble of having to enter your information.

So it is accurate to claim that it enables apps to communicate with one another and exchange information without the need for developers. Additionally, API architecture makes it unnecessary to create comparable programs from the start by allowing you to use already-existing ones. Before moving on to discussing how to establish an API, its significance, and API design tools, let’s take a closer look at some essential concepts you should be familiar with and the different sorts of APIs:

Terminology

The creation of mobile apps relies heavily on APIs. In addition, native programs can leverage built-in functionalities of devices thanks to Android and iOS APIs. So, until we examine the significance of Application testing, you should be familiar with the following terms:

API key

It is a token that, via a header or argument, authorizes an API call.

Endpoint

One extremity of the route in an API link between two entities is designated as the “Endpoint.”

JSON

It stands for JavaScript Object Notion in abbreviation. It serves as a data structure for the content of API responses as well as demand elements.

Get

It refers to the HTTP mode used by the RESTful API to create stability.

Post

This is how the HTTP mechanism used by RESTful APIs enables asset creation.

Oauth

It means something like an Open platform Authorization architecture that permits access privileges without requiring the user to share their login information.

Rest

Representational State Transfer, or REST, is a sort of technical approach for improving application-to-application interactions. It is founded on the principle that only specified data should be made available via hyperlinks, rather than a full replica of the material. The Online World is an illustration of a technology that adheres to the RESTful system design.

Soap

Simple Object Access Protocol, or SOAP, is the acronym. It is a communications system that uses packet data technologies such as HTTP and SMTP, as well as the XML Reference Set, for text layout, agreement, and conveyance.

Latency

The amount of time it takes for something like an API to convert a call into a solution is called latency.

Rate-limiting

The technique of controlling an API system administrator rate is known as API percentage. In other words, it restricts the volume of API queries made at once.

API throttling

Throttling is the process of controlling each user’s access to the API at a particular moment. The host sends a notification as an HTTP signal declaring “too many calls” when a user crosses the daily limit for API queries.

API categories

You must be aware of the many types of APIs accessible when considering API projects and Sector infrastructure.

Four main categories can be used to classify APIs:

Public APIs

Open APIs, often shortened to public APIs, are freely accessible to everyone.

Associate APIs Accessibility to Member APIs is limited to users and requires licensing or particular rights.

Private APIs

Residential APIs is another name for private APIs. They are made public through internal channels, making them considerably less well-recognized to the general public. Internal APIs are used by teams within a business to enhance their offerings.

Combined APIs

Composite APIs, which combine information and service APIs, is a series of activities that execute concurrently owing to completion rather than at the behest of a job. The runtime is sped up, and observers function effectively in internet browsers.

These APIs, often known as Web APIs, are the main APIs. Servlet APIs like SOAP, XML-RPC, JSON-RPC, and REST are examples of more APIs.

A web service is a system that renders its services more accessible through a hyperlink.

What makes APIs so important for businesses?

Without APIs, the usefulness of apps would be severely constrained, and the effort necessary for construction would also dramatically increase. This is due to the fact that functionalities that just aren’t equipment of any software package would have to be independently developed, which would take time away from marketing.

Additionally, knowing how to design an API makes it easier to combine several disparate programs so that they work well together, thus improving both users’ experiences. For example, a hotel reservation software app can use other APIs to catalog images of its rooms, allowing users to view the addresses before making a reservation.

On the other side, the picture provider might use APIs to give its customers the option to locate and reserve guestrooms, enhancing the usefulness of travel apps. Following are a few advantages of Api for businesses.

Instances of using APIs in your career or personal life

Let’s talk about some suggestions for just using APIs in your career and life since you are familiar with the fundamentals of API development.

Use APIs to get information from different sources (point 4.1).

Accessing data from various is among the most frequent uses of APIs. This can be achieved by either linking with an API to have software recorded pulled into your computer or by requesting precise details from an API. In any case, you may save a tonne of time and headaches when leveraging an API to obtain data from external sources.

Using APIs to operate your app or website (4.2).

Power source your web page is a fantastic additional use for APIs. On basis of APIs, many well-known web pages and services are created. This makes it simple for builders to integrate the features and data of such online platforms. You may also save a tonne of time and headaches by leveraging an API to serve your third-party application.

Tools for API Development

Whenever it relates to creating APIs, there are numerous tools at our disposal. The following are a few of the top tools and solutions used by engineers for API development:

Apigee

Google launched an API growth management tool called Apigee. It aids in the data transmission between apps and data or assists a business in updating its configuration files. In addition, it makes it possible for developers to create linked apps.

 Dredd

This one uses an HTTP API process model to verify an API’s underlying description. Additionally, it carefully reads the API specification and determines whether or not the API was already certified.

APIMatic

It is a solution for the programmer consumption of site APIs. It is used by developers to create SDKs for specific APIs. It is also employed to maintain it up to date with API changes. Publishers can also convert API characterizations into other formats using APIMatic, including Restful, WADL, RAML, IO Documentation, OAI style, HAR 1.4, API Template, Postman Modules, and more.

Sandbox

From API standards, Sandbox generates a speedy imitation of RESTful API. Additionally, it helps to lower the price and danger of using third-party APIs while testing.

Postmaster

This tool enables app developers to examine and analyze an API in order to evaluate its efficiency. Additionally, it is an innovative way that may be automated.

Resources for creating APIs and how to create APIs

Let’s examine how to establish an API now that you are familiar with the different sorts of APIs. There are several various technologies commercially available for developing APIs for online services.

Having stated that the following list of API software products can be used to create an API:

With an API-driven strategy, Apigee, Google’s Identity and access management service, facilitates digitalization.

APIMatic and API Bender are programs that automatically generate high-quality SDKs and code generators from codecs that are specific to an API. Additionally, it transforms them into several description formats, like API design, RAML, and more.

API Science — it aids in assessing the effectiveness of both internally and externally APIs.

Using cloud-based infrastructure, API Cloud Computing makes it easier to design, create, publish, and host APIs.

API Server is an open PHP schema that enables the creation of online APIs. the – authenticity monitoring system is AuthO for API access and authorization.

ClearBlade – With the help of ClearBlade, an API managerial service, you can incorporate IoT equipment into your workflow.

GitHub – Researchers can handle source code, configuration management, mode enables, and remarks that are posted with the population via GitHub, an accessible reliable hosting platform. You can also store your code in corporate libraries as an alternative.

Postman – You may execute, test, analyze, and monitor the success of APIs using Postman, an API toolset.

Best Practices for API Development

The top practices to take note of when working in API research are listed below.

1. Utilize throttles

App throttling should always be used whenever you wish to back up APIs, reroute excess traffic, or defend APIs from DoS assaults.

2. Consider API hub as a regulator

The API router should be viewed as a point of governance that ensures the right users have access to sensitive content. It will enable you to secure private data or signals that will let you assess and control how your APIs are used in the long haul.

3. Permit the obsolete HTTP technique

Some gateways only support POST and GET operations, enabling your RESTful API to take precedence over the Site provides.

4. Evaluate the connectivity and APIs

Some techniques for developing APIs make it simple to analyze and evaluate APIs. This suggests that you will conduct real-time analysis rather than hiring experts to work around the clock.

5. Information

When developing an API, sufficient metadata should be produced. It will make it easier for another team to develop the procedure and just employ the API to enhance the usability of their services.

 

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What is an API ? Introduction, Types, Architectures, Role and Future.

When we use applications like Ola, Uber or Zomato we see a map. In the case of Ola we can track the current location of our driver.But, does Ola have a satellite in space which tells the current location of the person in the map. The answer is a big NO!!! These applications are using the map services provided by the Google Maps Application. But, Ola can not directly access the data of google maps because of security reasons. That’s why Google has kept a security layer in between which is known as Google Maps API. So, to access google maps data and services Ola will access this API. On account of this, we can think of API as a messenger which delivers data from one place to another.

In this Blog, we will talk about API their types, architectures, roles and future.

 

What is an API?
API stands for Application Programming interface which is an intermediary software that allows two applications to share data and services. It’s a set of rules and definitions for creating and integrating software applications. Every time you use Instagram, Facebook, and Zomato you are using an API.

In other words, API gives us the answer of What and not How. To understand this statement let’s take a real life example. When we go to a restaurant we see a menu and order the food according to it and the waiter works as the API and goes to the kitchen counter and requests for the dish we ordered and if that dish is present it brings our order otherwise tells us that the dish can not be served. Likely, When an application will send a request to an API asking for some data, the API will then send this request to its server and then the server will either accept the request and send the required data to the API or will reject the request and will send the corresponding error. Consequently, the API that gets the data from the server will manipulate it in the required format and then will send the data to the application or will return the error which it received from the server.

When you browse web pages over the internet, the same type of request/response cycle works.You send a request using the browser the browser then requests the server for data and then sends the response it got from the server. The only major difference in case of web pages is the data returned is in HTML, CSS, or JavaScript format and in the case of an API it will be in raw format i.e JSON or XML.

 

Let’s see some examples where you can use an API

  • An iPhone app which needs camera access to take photographs(Like Snapchat or Instagram): To provide the camera feature to your app you don’t have to write the code to integrate it. Rather, you can use the camera API provided by the iPhone operating system.This promotes the rapid development of your application and avoids doing everything from scratch.
  • A website with a login feature: To provide the logic feature to your website to make your application secure and reliable instead of making it from scratch you can integrate APIs offered by Google and Facebook to provide features like Login with Google or Login with Facebook. This helps you with two things.Firstly you don’t have to write the login feature code from scratch and secondly it saves you from the tedious job of checking the authenticity of the user, as now it is Google and Facebook’s job.
  • A website with a payment gateway: If you are making an eCommerce website and you want to have an option for online payment you can use the API offered by PayPal and give the option to Pay using PayPal to make online payments.

 

What are the types of APIs available?
On the basis of access and scope of use, APIs can be categorized in 4 types.

1. Open APIs

Open APIs are also known as External API or Public API and as the name suggests they are open to use means they are accessible by any developer to use and integrate in their application. Since they are open they provide less authentication and authorization measures.

2. Partner APIs

Partner APIs, as the name suggests are those APIs which are shared among business partners with mutual decision. Because they are available to only authorized clients they are safer as compared to Open APIs.

3. Internal APIs

Internal APIs are those APIs, which are unlike Open or External APIs not available to other users and can be used by 3rd parties. They are made to use in a company to streamline the process of sharing data among the employees of its company only.

4. Composite APIs

Composite APIs combine various APIs, allowing developers to combine calls or requests together and obtain a single unified response from multiple servers. A composite API is used when you need data from multiple apps or data sources.

 

What are the various kinds of API architectures that are currently in use?
The rules that govern what information an API can share with clients and how it communicates data constitute an API’s architecture. The most widely used API architectures nowadays are REST, SOAP, and RPC.

1.  REST

REST stands for representational state transfer and is a set of rules for making APIs that are scalable, lightweight, and simple to use. A REST API (or “RESTful” API) is a data transmission API that meets the REST standards and is used to send data from a server to a requesting client. Client-server isolation, a consistent interface, a stateless, layered system, and cacheability are all guidelines to follow.

2.  SOAP

SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is a network data transmission protocol that can be used to create APIs. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has standardized SOAP, which uses XML to encode data. SOAP specifies how messages should be sent and what information must be included. SOAP APIs are therefore more secure than REST APIs, despite the fact that the strict rules make them more code-heavy and difficult to implement in general.

3.  RPC

The RPC protocol (Remote Procedural Call) is the simplest of the three designs. RPC APIs, unlike REST and SOAP, which permit data transfer, invoke processes. To put it another way, they run scripts on a server. In its calls, RPC APIs can use either JSON (a JSON-RPC protocol) or XML (an XML-RPC protocol). Although XML is more secure and flexible than JSON, the two protocols are otherwise very comparable. The RPC protocol is a reasonably simple and easy technique to run code on remote networks, despite its strictness.

 

What role do APIs play in the growth of digital businesses?

APIs are the primary integration mechanism in the distributed cloud-native development environment, offering developers and the applications they produce a number of benefits, including:

  • APIs simplify otherwise complex connections, allowing developers to adapt rapidly to changing requirements and shortening the development cycle.
  • Because of their low cost and simplicity, APIs foster experimentation and innovation.
  • APIs simplify communication between applications and services, eliminating the need for manual processes, phone calls, faxes, and time-consuming point-to-point connections.
  • API designs can be reused as building pieces, increasing scalability and accelerating the development process.

 

Why does it appear like APIs are the way of the future?

Developers nowadays primarily use APIs to connect across services, create integrations, and send data to third-party customers. APIs will become increasingly crucial in the future.
It was good a few years ago if your application had a public API; now it is virtually a requirement, and in a few years, it will be required. APIs are a terrific way to transfer information between different programmes as they become increasingly integrated.
It doesn’t matter if the app you need data from is written in PHP, NodeJS, Go, or C#; as long as it has an API, getting the data you require is simple.

 

Conclusion
When we approach APIs not only from the perspective of software development but also from the perspective of business collaboration, they play a far larger role. These resource-exchange machine-readable interfaces are similar to delivery services that operate behind the scenes and provide the necessary technological connectivity.
In the current condition, digitally aware firms rely largely on private, public, or partner APIs to function. APIs produce 50 percent of income for Salesforce, 60 percent for eBay, and 90 percent for Expedia. As a result, infrastructure service providers must fully utilize the capabilities of an API-powered infrastructure platform to stay ahead of the market and competition.

 

Startxlabs, one of India’s top digital transformation service providers. Launched in 2014, Startxlabs aims in innovating a digital future by developing technology for the web and mobile platforms. From our beginning as a technology development company, we’ve tried to stay true to our core beliefs and to deliver exceptional services to our clients. Whether it’s people we work for or people who work for us, we value honesty, passion, and the desire to explore. We have expertise in website development, android app development, iOS app development, Flutter, React Native app development, UI/UX design, and marketing strategy. With the engagement of our highly technical team, we have delivered over 110+ projects providing a positive impact on the users.

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Fast API vs Flask vs Django

Though the names are different, these three frameworks FastAPI, Flask, and Django have a common similarity in that is they are web frameworks written using the Python language. These three frameworks have been used by developers for a variety of purposes. The three frameworks have distinct features that serve the best in development. Let us look at how these frameworks differ from each other in this article.

FastAPI

Fast API is a Python-based web framework that enables us to use the REST interface in development. It is a fast and high-performance framework to build APIs with the latest Python 3.6+, created by Sebastian Ramirez. Some of the popular features of the FastAPI include:

  • Fast: As the name indicates, Fast API is the very fastest framework in Python with higher performance similar to NodeJS and GO.
  • Faster Coding: Development speed has been increased from 200% to 300%
  • Fewer Bugs: Human-made errors are reduced by 40%. Debugging time is less.
  • Easy and Short: The framework is easy to use and it has less code duplication. So each parameter has multiple features and very few bugs.
  • Robust: It provides automatic interactive documentation along with production-ready code.
  • Standards: The framework is based on the OpenAPI and JSON Schema.
  • Editor support: FastAPI is intuitive to use and the feature “Autocompletion” remains a favorite for all.

Pros:

  • FastAPI offers validation of the developer’s data types and the deeply nested JSON requests.
  • FastAPI has been developed using standards such as OAuth 2.0, JSON Schema, and OpenAPI.
  • Building GraphQLAPI with graphene-python, a python library is easy using FastAPI.

Cons:

  • It has a small community and lesser educational resources, as it newly emerges.

Read our article on – Python Basics: Data types

Flask

Flask is a Python-based micro web framework for developing web applications. It was created by Armin Ronacher. Since it is a microframework, it doesn’t have particular tools, libraries, or ORM (Object Relational Manager). Flask is a WSGI (webServer Gateway Interface) web application framework and doesn’t have features like template engine, routing, and more. The framework is based on WSGI and the Jinja2 template engine. Some of the notable features of flask include:

  • Pythonic: Flask is entirely based on Python and very easy to get started with.
  • Simple: Since Flask is a micro-framework, it is very simple and also extensible.
  • Updated: Flask is a modern framework and its features are up-to-date.
  • Readability: The framework is very explicit and it has better readability.
  • Less complexity: You can save your program on multiple files, reducing the complexity.

Pros:

  • Flask is more comfortable and flexible for the developers to use.
  • Unit testing is possible with Flask. It enables you to tweak extensions and transit to a web framework.
  • Flask is very simple and beginner-friendly.
  • It lets you create apps faster and with minimal effort.

Cons:

  • Security is a concern here as it uses modules that cause third-party involvement.
  • Flask has a single source and multiple requests take time as it processes them one after the other.

Django

Django is also a python based web framework that uses the MTV (Model Template View) architectural pattern. It is an open-source framework developed by Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison in 2005. The top features of Django include:

  • Well documented: It is a well-established framework for the developers as it provides excellent documentation.
  • Python-based: Since it is python based, Django is simple and easy to use.
  • SEO Optimized: Django helps in maintaining the website through URLs which makes it efficient and easy for SEO engineers.
  • Scalability: The level of implementation using Django is high. It helps in creating applications with greater precision and error-free.
  • Security: Django provides security with expertise level of code.

Pros:

  • The code structure of Django is efficient and using this, it is very easy to infuse more functionalities into the websites for the developers.
  • Django is more flexible as it uses the Rest framework called Django Rest Framework (DRF).
  • With Django, it is easy to build web APIs since it has a customizable and modular architecture.
  • Django ensures security by protecting against joint SQL injection and forgery attacks from cross-site requests.

Cons:

  • With Django, the speed is limited because of more reusable modules.

Read our article on – Python Basics: Functions and Variable Scopes

We have seen the three frameworks separately and let’s compare them with each other now.

Features

  • FastAPI
    • Packages – Minimalistic framework that doesn’t have reusability enabling packages.
    • Community – Has small community
    • Performance – High performant and faster
    • Job Openings – Fewer opportunities
    • Education – Easiest to learn but has very few online resources
  • Flask
    • Packages – Minimalistic framework that doesn’t have reusability enabling packages.
    • Community – Has a moderate, thriving community
    • Performance – Moderate in speed
    • Job Openings – Moderate
    • Education – Easy to learn and has many online materials.
  • Django
    • Packages – Full-stack web development framework that has reusability enabling packages.
    • Community – Has the most significant community.
    • Performance – Not so fast
    • Job Openings – More opportunities for job
    • Education – Learning Django is a bit harder but has many online resources available.

Conclusion

All three frameworks are effective for developing web applications as all the three are python based web frameworks. However, choosing the right one for you is in your hand. If you are looking to develop a full-stack website with high performance and functionalities, you can opt for Django. If you are aiming on developing a prototype for a web application and APIs or someone interested in machine learning, then Flask is ideal for you. FastAPI is suitable for someone who wants to focus on speed and scalability. Otherwise, all the three are good and suit you according to your requirements.

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Web Scraping using Python – A Beginner’s Guide

Python helps in doing a number of things nowadays. Likewise, it establishes its importance in web scrapping. Web scrapping deals with extracting data from the web, manipulating and cleaning the data. This article will help you in learning about Web scrapping and how it is done using Python libraries.

What is Web Scraping?

An automated method that extracts an enormous amount of data from websites called Web Scraping. The data available on the websites are usually in the form of unstructured data. The web scraping method collects them and stores them as structured data. There are many ways to perform web scraping. One of the most popular ways is by using Python.

Read our article on Fast API vs Flask vs Django

Why Web Scraping?

We have seen that collecting a large amount of data from websites is called web scraping. However, why do we have to collect them? What is the purpose of web scraping? Let’s answer these questions below. Here are some of the applications of web scraping:

  • Social media analysis: Social media like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram handle loads and loads of trending data every day. Web scraping these social media websites reveals data about the latest information such as trending topics, sentiments, and more.
  • Price Comparison on eCommerce: eCommerce sellers usually have different prices at different marketplaces. Using web scraping they can compare pricing on multiple platforms and analyze the places for getting higher profit.
  • Real Estate Investment: Web scraping helps real estate investors to analyze different marketplaces by getting valuable information from websites such as high-rated areas, attractive renting options, and more.
  • Machine Learning: Machine Learning needs enormous data to learn and improve. Web scraping helps in collecting many texts, images, and data points quickly and that can be used in improving reliability and accuracy in machine learning.
  • Email address collection: Email marketing is one of the most used forms of marketing by many companies. Using scraping, they collect a large number of email addresses and use them for sending bulk emails for marketing purposes.
  • Job listings: Job update information such as job openings, interviews, and dates are collected from various websites and listed in a single place. Users can easily browse all information about job updates in one place.