5 Sep 2022
All software created for and used in the cloud is referred to be cloud-native. Boost your company’s productivity by improving the infrastructure’s adaptability, architecture’s flexibility, and the process for developing cloud-native apps. Furthermore, these apps support businesses in managing novel issues.
Corporate behemoths like Uber, Pinterest, and Netflix are expanding their ability to disrupt the market with cloud-native solutions. According to research, 32% of businesses would use cloud-native technology by 2020.
55% of applications created in the upcoming year would likewise follow the same methodology, according to an IBM analysis on cloud-native development. By 2022, Gartner predicted that major enterprise IT markets would have transitioned to the cloud by a rate of 28%.
Cloud-native technology has become present in almost all categories of mobile applications due to low development costs and other benefits for businesses.
In general, cloud-native is a brand-new approach to creating apps that uses cloud computing as its foundation. In essence, it means that the software is produced and stored in the cloud rather than on a server at the company.
Without further delay, let’s clarify the essential characteristics of cloud-native apps.
A collection of containers and Microservices that can scale both inward and outward in response to demand makes up a cloud-native program. Infrastructure utilization is optimized at the same time that the containers handle scaling.
The frameworks and programming languages used to build cloud-native apps are used to build every service. Because each app service is loosely coupled with the others, developers can take advantage of employing a variety of frameworks, programming languages, and runtimes for diverse services.
An app is a collection of loosely coupled services in the microservice architecture. Due to the independence of these services, deployment of new apps and constant app scaling are easily accomplished.
4. The server and operating system
Apps that are cloud-native are independent of the underlying server or OS since they are containerized. Their work is hence abstract.
However, a microservice can be entirely offered by a device’s subset when it needs certain capabilities, such as solid-state drivers or graphics processing units.
5. DevOps Methods
Each service has its own life cycle in a cloud-native app. Managed by DevOps, these services. Utilizing cloud services, the microservices are continuously integrated and deployed to manage these apps.
Automation is essential to the realization of cloud-native architecture. Automation is one of the different approaches that are needed for applications that are designed for running and scaling on the cloud.
To manage large and sophisticated applications, it is necessary. Because they make extensive use of the infrastructure as a code concept, cloud-native applications are highly automatable.
Cloud-native applications are distributed on elastic, shared, and virtual infrastructure. This infrastructure contains hardware and software that are needed for running the apps.
Moreover, the infrastructure incorporates distribution pipelines, data centers, OS, configuration management, and other software essential for supporting the apps. Effective and efficient cloud-native infrastructure helps businesses enhance time-to-market and iterations.
8. Platform & Architecture
Speed is important and so does the architecture for cloud-native apps to deliver and iterate the app’s performance fast. Durable and persistent services choose patterns that assure higher availability and resilience. Stateless services remain separate from stateful services.
The cloud-native architecture helps developers use platforms as a way of abstracting away from depending on infrastructure.
The team can concentrate on the software not on maintaining OS, patching, and configuring. One of the effective ways of abstraction is a platform that is perfect on cloud-based infrastructure, a formalized platform.
Cloud-native applications connect with the governance models and maintain policies like CPU, quotas, and networks that allocate resources to services. Central IT in a company allocates resources for all departments. Teams in all departments can use and get the resources’ ownership.
10. API-based Communication
To reveal the functionalities, cloud-native Microservices depend on APIs that depend on REST (Representational State Transfer) or other protocols.
These designs make sure direct datastore reads, shared memory models, or risk of direct linking. Binary protocols are chosen for internal services’ improved functionality.
Several reasons are there to go for developing a cloud-native app:
Different organizations choose cloud-native, particularly because of this feature. At the time of coding, you can apply the auto-scaling feature to the system’s particular parts. These parts will scale out with no manual interruption amid traffic spikes.
2. Tools for Management and Monitoring
Cloud-native apps’ auditing and monitoring have become optimized with different tools. You can utilize platforms like AppDynamic, Datalog, and Newrelic for checking containers and Microservices.
For debugging your app, utilize Open Tracing and Zipkin, while for log aggregation, Fluentd, Splunk, and Elasticsearch are the preferred choices.
An adequate number of cloud-native tools allow uniformity of tooling and infrastructure. Businesses can anticipate lower prices because of this factor and the cloud-native architecture’s open-source model. No server and other improved capacities allow the enterprises to pay-per-use estimate time in milliseconds.
4. Dependable Systems
The use of microservice architecture and Kubernetes allows you to build apps that can bear faults. In the case of different types of problems, they can self-heal. Moreover, the app processing shifts to a new data center amid failure. This capacity of managing outages lowers failure chances.
5. Teams Can Concentrate on Deliverables
The team can concentrate just on important business needs, instead of wasting time on the infrastructure details. The developers can remotely access the system from their location. Also, the process becomes more productive and faster.
In case you were to ask the experts of the industry of software development, who are utilizing it already, they will definitely answer that, yes, cloud-native technology is the future of software development.
If you read the aforesaid benefits it brings to us, it surely appears like a role model for future app development.
Nevertheless, there are a few challenges to win over first:
1. Service Integration
Since a cloud-native app is designed with several services, the developers might consider it challenging for connecting them. They should make sure that each service is well-sized.
They must try to lower the number of services since it can translate into maximized integration and complexity-related challenge. A trustworthy cloud-native developer makes sure the handling and building of these apps have no such challenges.
2. Data Storage
Serverless functions and containers used through an immutable infrastructure model generally are not sufficient for permanent data storage. The reason is the disruption of total internal data when the app turns off.
3. Data Security
A cloud-native app developer should have methods to shield data from unauthorized access. This is relevant amid shift, while in utilization, or at rest. A few tools like IBM Key Protect, Intel SGX, and IBM Certificate Manager are used by developers for maintaining data security.
4. Complexities during Migration
In case a cloud-native app is distributed on a particular cloud, there are possibilities that APIs used in that app will not work on another cloud service. This occurs when a native cloud API completely belongs to a specific public cloud. And these APIs also cannot work in a local environment.
5. Hard To Work in Synergy
At the time of working on particular applications, it can be difficult to bring different development teams and developers on a similar page. Sometimes the use of the DevOps pipeline is difficult, as experts find it challenging to work with one another.
Do these challenges imply the failure of cloud-native technology? NO! They just tell about a growing model that has some extraordinary perks to it and whose underlying logic can change the game for the development sector. Just time will say whether the model will work, but, as it stands currently, cloud-native development absolutely feels like it has what it takes for becoming the latest standard.
During the period of the Coronavirus outbreak, many businesses have chosen a work-from-home strategy. The data security challenges have increased in such tough times and currently, tech companies are moving to cloud solutions for a smooth shift.
Depending on containerization, cloud-native technology reduces stress from the physical infrastructure without compromising data security.
In case you also want to build a cloud-native app, incorporate features that support deployment and collaboration teams. A benefit of cloud-native technology is that you should not change anything regarding the workload when moving from one server to another.
To build a cloud-native app, you have to understand which cloud service works amazingly for your app, in terms of cost and efficacy. You can choose one or more cloud services. Nevertheless, which service you will choose needs lots of comparison for numerous factors.
For help, you can connect with the industry-best cloud experts through consultations. The team can assess your app requirement and recommend the best cloud service to get started with cloud-native app development.
Author: Akash Upadhyay